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A

C

F

G

H

I

L

M

N

P

R

S

T

W

Z

A
Act: The Growth Management Act (30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 4312-4350.).
Amendment: A change to a comprehensive plan that is adopted subsequent to an Office finding that the plan is consistent with the Growth Management Act.
Applicable Regional Council: The council of governments, established under 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 2311-2316, or regional planning commission, established under 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 2321-2326, that is the authorized review agency for the regional planning and development district or subdistrict, designated under 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 2341-2342, within which the community submitting a comprehensive plan or zoning ordinance is located.
Arterial: A highway providing long-distance connections as approved by the Federal Highway Administration pursuant to 23 Code of Federal Regulation, Section 470.105(b)(1999) and as so designated by MaineDOT pursuant to the Maine Highway Driveway and Entrance regulations, 17-229 CMR 299.
C
Capital Investment: Expending municipal funds of $20,000 or more to purchase assets of land, machinery, equipment, or buildings.
Capital Investment Plan (CInP): A summary list of municipal capital investments anticipated during the planning period in order to implement the strategies in the comprehensive plan.
Commercial Development: For-profit business operations that provide goods, services, or commodities. For the purposes of this Chapter, home occupations are not considered commercial development.
Comprehensive Plan: A document or interrelated documents developed by a community in accordance with the procedural provisions of 30-A M.R.S.A. §4324, the substantive requirements of 30-A M.R.S.A. §4326, and contain the required elements identified in section 2 of this chapter.
Comprehensive Planning Data Set: Data provided upon request by the Office or it’s designee for the preparation of a comprehensive plan. Though additional data may be provided, only the minimum data components needed to meet the minimum requirements of this Chapter are considered the “Comprehensive Planning Data Set”.
Critical Natural Resource: The following natural resources which under federal and/or state law warrant protection from the negative impacts of development:
  1. Resource Protection District areas as set forth in MDEP Guidelines for Municipal Shoreland Zoning Ordinances (Chapter 1000 § 13.A) pursuant to the Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (38 M.R.S.A. §438-A, subsection 1);
  2. Wetlands of special significance as defined in MDEP Wetlands and Waterbodies Protection Rules (Chapter 310 § 4);
  3. Significant wildlife habitat as defined in the Natural Resources Protection Act (38 M.R.S.A. §480-B(10);
  4. Threatened, endangered and special concern animal species habitat as identified and mapped by MIFW pursuant to the Maine Endangered Species Act (12 M.R.S.A., Chapter 925);
  5. Significant freshwater fisheries spawning habitat as identified and mapped by MIFW or MDMR;
  6. Natural communities that are critically imperiled (S1), imperiled (S2) or rare (S3) as defined and mapped by MNAP;
  7. Areas containing plant species declared to be threatened or endangered by the MDOC;
  8. Coastal sand dune systems as defined in the Natural Resources Protection Act (38 M.R.S.A. §480-B(1));
  9. Fragile mountain areas as defined in the Natural Resources Protection Act (38 M.R.S.A. §480-B(3)); or
  10. National Natural Landmarks designated by the National Park Service pursuant to its National Natural Landmark Program (36 Code of Federal Regulation, Section 62).
Critical Rural Area: A rural area that is specifically identified and designated by a community's comprehensive plan as deserving maximum protection from development to preserve natural resources and related economic activities that may include, but are not limited to, significant farmland, forest land or mineral resources; high-value wildlife or fisheries habitat; scenic areas; public water supplies; scarce or especially vulnerable natural resources; and open lands functionally necessary to support a vibrant rural economy.
Critical Waterfront Area: A shorefront area characterized by functionally water-dependent uses, as defined in M.R.S.A. 38 §436-A(6), and specifically identified and designated by a community's comprehensive plan as deserving maximum protection from incompatible development.
F
Floor Area: The total area covered by all floors in a building, typically measured in square feet or acres.
G
Growth Area: An area that is designated in a community's comprehensive plan as suitable for orderly residential, commercial, or industrial development, or any combinations of those types of development and related infrastructure, and into which most development projected over 10 years is directed.
Growth Management Program: A set of interrelated documents that comprise a comprehensive plan and implementation program, including zoning ordinances, as described in 30-A M.R.S.A. §4326.
H
Habitat Connections: Those areas that link large habitat blocks based on a prioritized habitat analysis prepared by Beginning with Habitat.
I
Industrial Development: Business operations that manufacture, process, or store goods or commodities. For the purposes of this Chapter, home occupations are not considered industrial development.
Institutional Development: Establishments such as governmental facilities, colleges, vocational schools, hospitals, or health care facilities.
L
Large Habitat Blocks: Contiguous, undeveloped areas of 500 acres or more as identified and mapped by BwH.
Low Impact Development: A process of developing land that combines site design strategies and best management practices to limit the volume and flows of runoff from a developed site and treat and infiltrate precipitation on the site in a way that mimics its natural hydrology.
M
Managed Forest Lands: Lands managed for any of the following purposes: timber stand improvement, timber or other forest products harvesting, regeneration of forest stands, habitat management, aesthetics, recreation, or water quality protection.
Marine Transportation Facilities: Public and private facilities used for cargo and/or passenger transport that rely on water access, including infrastructure and support facilities such as buildings, piers, docks, parking, and storage.
Minimal Commercial/Institutional Development: There has been less than a ten (10) percent increase in the floor area devoted to commercial and institutional development in the community over the previous ten (10) years.
Minimal Industrial Development: There has been less than a ten (10) percent increase in the floor area devoted to industrial development in the community over previous ten (10) years.
Minimal Residential Development: Residential development in the community is characterized by:
  1. Less than five (5) percent population growth over the previous ten (10) years; and
  2. Less than fifty (50) units of residential housing, including apartment, condominium, and seasonal units, constructed over previous ten (10) years.
Mobility Corridor: An arterial that is a designated “mobility corridor” pursuant to the Maine Highway Driveway and Entrance regulations, 17-229 CMR 299.
Multi-Function Wetlands: Wetlands found to provide three of more wetland functions as depicted on the Wetlands Characterization Maps developed by the Beginning with Habitat Program.
Municipal Growth-Related Capital Investment: Investment by the municipality in the following projects, even if privately-owned, using municipal, county, state, federal, or other public funds, in the form of a purchase, lease, grant, loan, loan guarantee, credit, tax credit, or other financial assistance:
  1. Construction of new transportation infrastructure or capacity;
  2. Construction or acquisition of newly constructed multifamily rental or affordable housing;
  3. Development of industrial or business parks;
  4. Construction or extension of sewer, water, or other utility lines;
  5. Construction of public, quasi-public, or private service infrastructure, facilities, and community buildings; or
  6. Construction or expansion of municipal office buildings, municipal educational facilities, and other quasi-public facilities and other civic buildings that serve public clients and customers.

Municipal growth-related capital investment does not include investment in the following: mobile equipment, the operation or maintenance of a municipal facility or program; maintenance of existing transportation infrastructure without significantly expanding capacity; or municipal revenue sharing.

N
Non-Point Sources of Pollution: Facilities, activities, or any circumstance that cause rainfall, snowmelt, or irrigation water, running over land or through the ground, to pick up pollutants and to deposit them into rivers, lakes, coastal waters, or ground water.
P
Planning Period: A minimum of ten (10) years.
R
Regional Council: The council of governments, established under 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 2311-2316, or regional planning commission, established under 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 2321-2326, that is the authorized review agency for the regional planning and development district or subdistrict, designated under 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 2341-2342.
Rural Area: A geographic area that is identified and designated in a community's comprehensive plan as an area that is deserving of some level of regulatory protection from unrestricted development for purposes that may include, but are not limited to, supporting agriculture, forestry, mining, open space, wildlife habitat, fisheries habitat, and scenic lands, and away from which most development projected over 10 years is diverted.
S
Shoreland Zone: The same as “Shoreland Area” in the Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (38 M.R.S.A. §§ 435 - 449.).
Significant Freshwater Fisheries Habitat: Any freshwater river, stream, brook, lake, or pond that is identified as:
  1. A brook trout habitat as depicted on maps developed by the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife; or
  2. Rare, native fish habitat as depicted on maps developed by the MIFW; or
  3. Diadromous fisheries habitat as depicted on maps developed by the Maine Department of Marine Resources.
State Transportation System: Includes the following:
  1. Maine Department of Transportation and Maine Turnpike Authority administered or supervised state or state aid highways along with associated sidewalks, paths, trails, and/or bridges;
  2. Maine Department of Transportation administered or supervised marine highways, airports, and rail lines along with associated sidewalks, paths, trails, and/or bridges; and
  3. Any associated facilities essential to the safe and efficient operation of those state transportation systems, including but not limited to highway maintenance facilities, transit/rail stations, toll plazas, ferry terminals, cargo ports, intermodal transportation centers, weigh stations, rest areas, visitor information centers, service plazas, and park-and-ride lots, as well as parking lots and other infrastructure serving those facilities.
Stream: The same as “Stream” in the Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (38 M.R.S.A. §436-A (12)).
Strip Development: A pattern of development, usually commercial in nature, in which individual establishments have direct access to a single arterial or main thoroughfare. Strip developments are generally not in downtown areas and often lack pedestrian facilities, but are characterized by automobile-focused access with multiple curb cuts in relatively short distances.
T
Transit Services: Public or private operations that provide transportation to the public, such as rail and bus operations.
Transitional Area: An area that is designated in a community’s comprehensive plan as suitable for a share of projected residential, commercial, or industrial development but that is neither intended to accept the amount or density of development appropriate for a growth area nor intended to provide the level of protection for rural resources afforded in a rural area or critical rural area.
W
Wetlands: Any coastal wetlands or freshwater wetlands as defined below:
  1. All tidal and subtidal lands; all lands with vegetation present that is tolerant of salt water and occurs primarily in a salt water or estuarine habitat; and any swamp, marsh, bog, beach, flat or other contiguous low land that is subject to tidal action during the highest tide level for the year in which an activity is proposed as identified in tide tables published by the National Ocean Service. Coastal wetlands may include portions of coastal sand dunes.
  2. Freshwater wetlands include freshwater swamps, marshes, bogs, and similar areas (other than areas considered part of a great pond, coastal wetland, river, stream, or brook) that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and for a duration sufficient to support, and which under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of wetland vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soils. Freshwater wetlands may contain small stream channels or inclusions of land that do not conform to the above defining criteria.
Z
Zoning Ordinance: A municipal land use ordinance that:
  1. Divides a community into zoning districts and prescribes the reasonable application of different regulations in each district to encourage orderly growth and development and implement a community's designation of growth and rural areas in its comprehensive plan; and
  2. Has been developed by the community in accordance with the procedural provisions and the substantive requirements of 30-A M.R.S.A. §§ 4324, 4326, and 4352.